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Destruction of the Noida twin towers: Heart and lung health advice

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Destruction of the Noida twin towers: Heart and lung health advice

Due to the short footage of the explosion going viral online, the destruction of Noida’s twin buildings is receiving a lot of media attention. The massive pile of trash and dust clouds will take some time to clear away, and as the particulate matter worsens the air pollution in the area, those with respiratory and cardiovascular conditions must keep an eye out for any health difficulties and take the necessary precautions to stay healthy. A study found that following a dust storm, the risk of heart attack rises by 1.5 times daily. Lung injury might also result from the silica in dust particles. Here are some professional recommendations for heart, lung, and kidney health.

“Tonnes of debris have been produced by the demolition of Noida’s twin towers, which is predicted to cause a five-fold rise in air pollution. There are now more health risks due to the dust and smoke. Before its effect starts to fade, it could take a few weeks “the Marengo QRG Hospital in Faridabad’s Director of Pulmonology, Dr. Gurmeet Singh Chabbra.

DUST POLLUTION: CAN IT LEAD TO HEART PROBLEMS
The most hazardous particles for our lungs and respiratory system are PM2.5 and ultrafine particles, according to Dr. Nishith Chandra, Principal Director, Interventional Cardiology, Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, Okhla Road, New Delhi. These particles may also cause inflammation in the inner lining of blood vessels.

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“Particulate and gaseous contaminants can be separated. The category of particulates includes dust. They can be divided into three categories according on their particle sizes: PM10, which are those between 2.5 and 10 microns; PM2.5, which are those under 2.5 microns; and ultrafine particles, which are those smaller than 0.1 microns. The PM2.5 and ultrafine particles are the most hazardous of them. They go inside of us through the nose and respiratory system, where they settle in the lung alveoli and start to inflame and destroy our lungs. Due to their small size, these particles may also be absorbed into the bloodstream, where they may trigger irritation of the endothelium, the inner lining of blood vessels, leading to plaque rupture. Heart attacks, strokes, or kidney failure may result from this “Dr. Chandra adds.

Common household dust and construction dust fall into the PM10 category. Typically, dust particles range in size from 2 to 10 microns.

WHO HAS A HIGHER RISK OF A HEART ATTACK OR OTHER HEALTH CONDITIONS DUE TO EXCESS DUST?
Researchers discovered that a day following a dust storm, the risk of heart attack increases by 1.5 times, according to a study that was published in the European Heart Journal. Lung injury might also result from the silica in dust particles.

“Some persons are notably more prone to heart disease after dust exposure, such as people over 75, men, hypertension, diabetes, and/or chronic renal disease patients had 2.45 times the odds of having an immediate heart attack following a dust storm incident,” adds Dr. Chandra.

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“A worsening of symptoms or an attack may occur in patients with chronic lung diseases such COPD (chronic bronchitis and emphysema), bronchial asthma, and bronchiectasis. They are encouraged to closely follow their treatment plan and visit a professional if their cough, sputum production, tightness in their chest, wheeze, or shortness of breath increases “explains Chabbra.

Possibile health issues following demolition
Dr. Chabbra describes additional health problems that may develop as air pollution and dust levels grow.

– A high concentration of suspended particles, especially PM 2.5, causes the covid virus to linger in the air for a longer period of time, which promotes the virus’s transmission. Potential SARS Cov 2 carriers include PM2.5.

– The destruction of buildings produces significant amounts of PM2.5 with high levels of heavy metals. Additionally, breathing in heavy metals has been linked to conditions like sarcoidosis.

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– The severity and fatality of Covid 19 would worsen, and even PM10 levels in the air would rise.

– Worsening ENT issues such nasal congestion, obstruction, and discharge, sneezing, throat irritation, and post nasal drip are further health concerns. You can get headaches and a flare-up of skin allergies.

– Heart and diabetes patients should exercise caution and seek prompt medical attention if they experience chest pain..

– It is advised that everyone who lives near a tower that has been dismantled use a mask before leaving their homes. They might utilise vacuum cleaners and air purifiers with Hepa filters at home.

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PREVENTION MEASURES FOR HEART ATTACK AND LUNG PROBLEMS IN SUSPICIOUS GROUP AFTER DEMOLITION
Dr. Chandra offers advice on how to shield people from heart and lung problems during construction:

The first step is to prevent exposure by staying indoors and keeping the windows shut.

– Don appropriate masks.

– Surgical masks, which are widely available, are ill-fitting, do not function as filters, and let particles of all sizes enter the respiratory tract. Since the N-95 masks filter 95% of particles with a diameter of less than 0.3 m, they should be able to capture the majority of the dust particles. These masks can be pricey, too, and the most must be thrown away after 8 hours of use.

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Additionally promising as a health intervention for dust occurrences are air filters. It may be conceivable to employ a high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter in high-risk families, but doing so would be prohibitively expensive for many individuals. HEPA filters can remove 99.97% of particles as small as 0.3 microns. Cheaper, non-HEPA air purifiers might work well.

– To boost their heart health, the vulnerable populations should instil healthy lifestyle habits. For example, engaging in adequate exercise for at least 30 minutes each day, cutting out carbohydrates and fats from their diet, losing weight, quitting smoking, and maintaining careful control of blood sugar and cholesterol.

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Study: Maternal obesity more accurately predicts risk of heart disease than pregnancy issues.

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Study: Maternal obesity more accurately predicts risk of heart disease than pregnancy issues.

Maternal health during pregnancy is a critical factor in the well-being of both the mother and the child. While a range of issues can arise during pregnancy, new research suggests that maternal obesity may be a more accurate predictor of heart disease risk than specific complications during pregnancy. This study sheds light on the long-term health implications of obesity and emphasizes the importance of addressing this public health concern. In this blog, we’ll explore the findings of this study and their broader implications.

A Stronger Predictor of Heart Disease Risk than Pregnancy Complications

A recent study published in a medical journal has attracted attention for its focus on maternal obesity and its impact on future heart disease risk. Researchers conducted a retrospective analysis of medical records of women who had given birth in the past decade, tracking their health outcomes over time. The study found that maternal obesity is a more robust predictor of heart disease risk than specific pregnancy complications like gestational diabetes or pre-eclampsia.

Key Findings

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  1. Long-term Risk: The study’s findings suggest that maternal obesity is associated with a significantly higher risk of heart disease in the years following pregnancy. This highlights the importance of addressing obesity as a long-term health concern, not just a temporary condition associated with pregnancy.
  2. Preeclampsia and Gestational Diabetes: While preeclampsia and gestational diabetes are well-known complications of pregnancy that can impact maternal health, the study found that these conditions did not have as strong a correlation with future heart disease risk as maternal obesity.
  3. Weight Management: The study underscores the importance of proactive weight management for women before, during, and after pregnancy. It highlights that addressing obesity may have a more significant impact on reducing heart disease risk than solely focusing on managing specific pregnancy-related complications.

Implications

  1. Public Health Focus: Maternal obesity is a critical public health issue that extends beyond pregnancy. This research reinforces the need for society and healthcare systems to prioritize weight management and obesity prevention strategies to reduce the long-term health risks associated with obesity.
  2. Holistic Approach: Healthcare providers should consider a holistic approach to maternal health that includes not only addressing pregnancy-related issues but also focusing on a woman’s overall well-being, including weight management and cardiovascular health.
  3. Education and Support: Women planning to become pregnant or already expecting should receive information, education, and support regarding the importance of maintaining a healthy weight before and after childbirth. Health professionals can play a vital role in providing guidance and resources.

The findings of this study highlight the critical role that maternal obesity plays in predicting future heart disease risk, even more so than specific pregnancy complications. This research serves as a call to action for healthcare providers, policymakers, and society as a whole to prioritize the prevention and management of obesity to safeguard the long-term health of women and reduce their risk of heart disease. Addressing this public health issue early can lead to healthier mothers, healthier pregnancies, and ultimately healthier families.

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