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For pregnant women, inflammatory bowel disease increases risk

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For pregnant women, inflammatory bowel disease increases risk

Pregnant women with inflammatory bowel disease and their unborn children face more risks and issues than pregnant women without IBD do. These are the findings of a recent study that looked at more than 8 million pregnancies’ outcomes.

The University of Missouri School of Medicine directed the study, and the results were published in the International Journal of Colorectal Disease.

IBD is the name given to conditions like Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, which are characterised by persistent gastrointestinal tract inflammation. IBD primarily impacts young people, including women who are at the height of their reproductive potential.

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IBD is an incurable condition that is stressful for the 3 million Americans who have been diagnosed, according to senior author Yezaz Ghouri, MD, an assistant professor of clinical medicine. “We were interested in the effects of IBD on maternal and foetal outcomes because this disease frequently affects women at the height of their reproductive potential. As far as we are aware, this study is the most thorough of its kind, using information from numerous institutions across 48 states.”

Between 2016 and 2018, the research team examined more than 8 million pregnancies. 14,129 of those mothers had IBD. The findings showed that gestational diabetes, postpartum haemorrhage, hypertensive complications, preterm delivery, foetal growth restriction, and foetal death were more common in pregnant women with IBD. The length of postpartum hospital stays was also longer for pregnant women with IBD. They spent an additional half-day in the hospital on average, and the additional medical expenses totaled more than $2,700.

According to our research, we advise pre-conceptional counselling and aggressive treatment for women with moderate to severe IBD in order to achieve remission prior to becoming pregnant, said Ghouri. The findings of our study highlight the significance of having IBD under optimal control before conception.

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Study: Maternal obesity more accurately predicts risk of heart disease than pregnancy issues.

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Study: Maternal obesity more accurately predicts risk of heart disease than pregnancy issues.

Maternal health during pregnancy is a critical factor in the well-being of both the mother and the child. While a range of issues can arise during pregnancy, new research suggests that maternal obesity may be a more accurate predictor of heart disease risk than specific complications during pregnancy. This study sheds light on the long-term health implications of obesity and emphasizes the importance of addressing this public health concern. In this blog, we’ll explore the findings of this study and their broader implications.

A Stronger Predictor of Heart Disease Risk than Pregnancy Complications

A recent study published in a medical journal has attracted attention for its focus on maternal obesity and its impact on future heart disease risk. Researchers conducted a retrospective analysis of medical records of women who had given birth in the past decade, tracking their health outcomes over time. The study found that maternal obesity is a more robust predictor of heart disease risk than specific pregnancy complications like gestational diabetes or pre-eclampsia.

Key Findings

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  1. Long-term Risk: The study’s findings suggest that maternal obesity is associated with a significantly higher risk of heart disease in the years following pregnancy. This highlights the importance of addressing obesity as a long-term health concern, not just a temporary condition associated with pregnancy.
  2. Preeclampsia and Gestational Diabetes: While preeclampsia and gestational diabetes are well-known complications of pregnancy that can impact maternal health, the study found that these conditions did not have as strong a correlation with future heart disease risk as maternal obesity.
  3. Weight Management: The study underscores the importance of proactive weight management for women before, during, and after pregnancy. It highlights that addressing obesity may have a more significant impact on reducing heart disease risk than solely focusing on managing specific pregnancy-related complications.

Implications

  1. Public Health Focus: Maternal obesity is a critical public health issue that extends beyond pregnancy. This research reinforces the need for society and healthcare systems to prioritize weight management and obesity prevention strategies to reduce the long-term health risks associated with obesity.
  2. Holistic Approach: Healthcare providers should consider a holistic approach to maternal health that includes not only addressing pregnancy-related issues but also focusing on a woman’s overall well-being, including weight management and cardiovascular health.
  3. Education and Support: Women planning to become pregnant or already expecting should receive information, education, and support regarding the importance of maintaining a healthy weight before and after childbirth. Health professionals can play a vital role in providing guidance and resources.

The findings of this study highlight the critical role that maternal obesity plays in predicting future heart disease risk, even more so than specific pregnancy complications. This research serves as a call to action for healthcare providers, policymakers, and society as a whole to prioritize the prevention and management of obesity to safeguard the long-term health of women and reduce their risk of heart disease. Addressing this public health issue early can lead to healthier mothers, healthier pregnancies, and ultimately healthier families.

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